Paolo Gargiulo, prófessor

Deild:Tæknisvið / Verkfræðideild 


Paolo Gargiulo is Professor in Biomedical Engineering and works at center of Medical Technology Center - Reykjavik University /University Hospital Landspitali. He studied at TU Wien and finished his PhD in 2008. Paolo interests and expertise are mostly in: Medical Image processing, Neuroengineering, 3-D printing and Medical technologies. He developed at Landspitali a 3D-Printing service to support surgical planning with over 200 operation planned with a significant impact on the Icelandic health care system and and he currently cooperate with institutions in Italy and UK to establish similar infrastructures.

Paolo Gargiulo is the director of the Institute of Biomedical and Neural Engineering and the Icelandic center of Neurophysiology and manages the center of Medical Technology at the University Hospital Landspitali/ Reykjavik University.

He has published 65 papers in peer reviewed international journals, several chapters in academic books and presented his work in many international conferences and workshops. 

Paolos Lab is currently involved in the following projects: 1. High-density EEG measurements and the assessment of schizophrenic patients undergoing Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. 2. Establish measurements protocols to assess postural control disorders and seasickness using virtual reality systems 3. Optimization of prosthetic device for total Hip Replacement. The main International collaborations of Paolo Labs are: University of Naples, Italy; University of Bologna Italy; Washington University, Seattle USA; Aston University UK and University of Rennes, France.


1992 Qualified at the Technical institute of informatics and electronic “F. Giordani” Naples, Italy 2001 Graduated at the University of Naples “Federico II” Degree in Electronic engineers with specialization in Biomedical engineering 2001 Master thesis at Research and Development department, University Hospital Iceland: “Research and experimentation of telemedicine applications for seamen in the North Atlantic” 2008 PhD study at the Vienna University of Technology - TU Wien : “3D Modelling and Monitoring of Denervated Muscle under Functional Electrical Stimulation Treatment and Associated Bone Structural Changes”




Development project: Design and development of the Icelandic Pacemaker database

  • Research project: The Role of longevity in the purchase of Pacemaker based on Icelandic Implant Statistics
  • Research and development project: Telemedicine for seamen in the North Atlantic (Project NATS)



  • Development project: Tele-ECG, development of ECG recorder and transmission link by Bluetooth (prototype)
  • Development project: Computational work and modelling in the Icelandic part of the European project RISE.
  • Development and Assessment of rapid prototyping technology in medical application




PhD study in Biomedical engineering at Vienna University of Technology. PhD title: "3D Modelling and Monitoring of Denervated Muscle under Functional Electrical Stimulation Treatment and Associated Bone Structural Changes"


2006 - Service at Landspitali of 3D modelling and rapid prototyping to support operation


planning and diagnosis in different clinical cases


2008 -Assistant Professor School of Science and Engineering, Reykjavik University


2009- Consultant work for Med-el Hearing Implant Company


2012- Member of COST action project NAMABIO,


2014- Director of the Institute of Biomedical and Neural Engineering


2014- Promotion to Associate Professor


2015- Funding person for the Icelandic Centre of Neurophysiology


2015- Member of the Icelandic Ministry of welfare board for health research strategy 2015\2020


2019-ongoing: Member of the Engineering and technical Sciences board for the allocation of the national research funds (RANNIS, research fund).


2020- Promoted to full Professor


Kennsluferill í HR

2021-3T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2021-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2021-1T-950-DEFEThesis Defense
2021-1T-930-PROGThesis Progress Report
2021-1T-910-PROPThesis Proposal Defense
2020-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2020-3T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2020-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2019-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2019-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2018-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2018-3T-316-STAFStafræn rafeindatækni
2018-1E-544-EEGPHeilariti í sálfræðilegum rannsóknum: Notkun og túlkun niðurstaðna
2018-1T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2018-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2017-3T-306-RAS1Greining rása
2017-3T-316-STAFStafræn rafeindatækni
2017-1T-806-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2016-3T-861-EEGWEEG workshopTheory and Applications
2016-3T-306-RAS1Greining rása
2016-3T-806-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2016-3T-316-STAFStafræn rafeindatækni
2016-1E-215-HSKYHugræn sálfræði og skynjunarsálfræði
2016-1T-861-EEG1Inngangur að heilaritum: Mælingar og greining
2016-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2016-1T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2015-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2015-3T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2015-3T-316-STAFStafræn rafeindatækni
2015-3T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2015-1T-860-MALSMálstofa í heilbrigðisvísindum
2015-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2015-1T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2014-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2014-3T-316-STAFStafræn rafeindatækni
2014-3T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2014-1T-861-BIOSLífmerki og myndvinnsla
2014-1T-860-MALSMálstofa í heilbrigðisvísindum
2014-1T-860-RANNRannsóknartengt verkefni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2014-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2013-3T-100-AFVVAðferðafræði verkefnavinnu
2013-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2013-3T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2013-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2013-1T-860-RANNRannsóknartengt verkefni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2013-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2013-1T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2012-3T-100-AFVVAðferðafræði verkefnavinnu
2012-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2012-3T-861-SPECValið efni í heilbrigðisverkfræði
2012-1T-861-BIOSLífmerki og myndvinnsla
2012-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2012-1T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2011-3T-100-AFVVAðferðafræði verkefnavinnu
2011-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2011-3T-629-INDESjálfstætt verkefni
2011-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2011-1T-810-RANNRannsóknartengt verkefni í verkfræði
2010-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2010-3T-861-BIOSLífmerki og myndvinnsla
2010-1T-510-MALIMælitækni og lífsmörk
2009-3T-621-CLINKlínísk verkfræði
2008-3T-610-STODStoðtæki og gervilíffæri


 1.         Development and assessment of numerical profiles based on radiodensitometric distributions characteristics from computed tomography images. Thanks to this approach we have been demonstrating correlations between soft tissues and several biometrics parameters and comorbidity using the AGES database from the Icelandic heart association. The main potential impact of this work is possibility to predict a number of conditions such as cholesterol, diabetes and cardiovascular risks from a single CT image. I would like also to remark that this methodology and some applications were published in a chapter book on the: Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering, 2019; Vol. 2: 119-34. Elsevier.  P Gargiulo, MK Gislason, KJ Edmunds . CT-Based Bone and Muscle Assessment in Normal and Pathological Conditions. 

2.         Neural engineering and postural control assessment. In 2013 I have established a facility based on high density EEG system where we have been study cortical changes and brain connectivity during postural control adaptation and habituation. Currently we are also assessing with our technology (HD-EEG)  the effect of transcranial magnetic stimulation effect on schizophrenic patients in the frame of a scientific project in collaboration with the department of neurology at Landspitali, Iceland.

The educational impact of this infrastructure and of its work is considerable since this lab provide teaching modules for different courses and a scientific facility for several scientists in Iceland and abroad.

3.         Rehabilitation engineering. For several years we have been working on the optimisation of prosthetic implant decision making in patients undergoing total hip replacement, collecting multi metric data from these patients at different points of time, before and after implant. This work is still ongoing and have as ultimate goal to provide surgeons with an application tool that elaborate biometrics data and computational data to support their decision. However thanks to the international resonance of this work we have been participating and received an EU grant H2020-NMBP-TR-IND-2018-2020, with a project entitled: RESTORE User-centred smart nanobiomaterial-based 3D matrices for chondral repair. In the frame of this project my team will be responsible for the 1stEuropean Database of patient-specific anatomical models for condyle lesions.

4.         3-D printing and Surgical planning. In 2005 I developed and established at Landspitali a 3D-Printing service to support surgical planning with over 200 operation planned with a significant impact on the Icelandic health care system.  Thanks to this experience and know how I currently cooperate with institutions in Italy and UK to establish similar infrastructures.

Viðurkenningar og styrkir

-  2007 Co-author in the winning paper at MIMICS Innovation award in WashingtonUSA

-  2008Finalist for Student Innovation award (as supervisor) NýsköpunarverðlaunforsetaÍslands 2008

-  2012 Finalist for Student Innovation award (as supervisor)NýsköpunarverðlaunforsetaÍslands 2013

-  2013 Young scientist of the year at University Hospital Landspitali

- 2015 1st price poster  session in digital health MEIBIOENG2015 (UK Biomedical engineering society, annual meeting)

-2016 1st Price, article at XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016

- 2017 Finalist for Student Innovation award (as supervisor) NýsköpunarverðlaunforsetaÍslands 2017

- 2018 Finalist for Student Innovation award (as supervisor) NýsköpunarverðlaunforsetaÍslands 2018

-2018, Best poster at The IEEE Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics (BHI) 2018 and the IEEE Conference on Body Sensor Networks (BSN) 2018. Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 4-7 March 2018


Main Grant received in 2015-2019


2019: EU project, H2020-NMBP-TR-IND-2018-2020, User-centred smart nanobiomaterial-based 3D matrices for chondral repair, PI for the Icelandic group. 5.500.000 EURO


2018: Innovation fund (nyskopunarsjodur): upgrade of X-RAY micro CT system , project number 181572-0031, 75.000 EURO (CO –PROPOSER)


2017: Rannis Icelandic research fund ((Rannsóknasjodur): grant number 174236-051, title: Modeling of Cranial Muscle Artefacts in EEG Data, total amount: 18.000.000 ISK


2016: Rannis Infrastructure fund (Uppbygging) – 20.650.000 ISK- High Density (256-Channel) EEG system in Iceland for Research, Education and Training- Paolo Gargiulo.151007-0031


2015: Rannis Icelandic research fund ((Rannsóknasjodur)- 13.500.000 ISK- Clinical evaluation score for Total Hip Arthroplasty planning and postoperative
assessment- Paolo Gargiulo. 152368-051



1.      F. Barollo, Gargiulo, P et al., "Postural control adaptation and habituation during vibratory proprioceptive stimulation: an HD-EEG investigation of cortical recruitment and kinematics," in IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering.


2.      Ricciardi, C., Edmunds, K.J., Recenti, M., Sigurdsson, S., Gudnason, V., Carraro, U. and Gargiulo, P., 2020. Assessing cardiovascular risks from a mid-thigh CT image: a tree-based machine learning approach using radiodensitometric distributions. Scientific reports, 10(1), pp.1-13.

3.      Edmunds, K. J., Petersen, H., Hassan, M., Yassine, S., Olivieri, A., Barollo, F., ... & Gargiulo, P. (2019). Cortical recruitment and functional dynamics in postural control adaptation and habituation during vibratory proprioceptive stimulation. Journal of neural engineering. 16(2), 026037.

4.       Lovecchio J. Gargiulo P et al. A standalone bioreactor system to deliver compressive load under perfusion ow to hBMSC-seeded 3D chitosan-graphene templates. Scientific Report 2019.  doi:


5.      Recenti M, Ricciardi C, Edmunds K, Gislason MK, Gargiulo P. Machine learning predictive system based upon radiodensitometric distributions from mid-thigh CT images. European Journal of Translational Myology. 2019.


6.      Marcu S, Pegolo E, Ívarsson E, Jónasson AD, Jónasson VD, Aubonnet R, Gargiulo P, Banea OC. Using high density EEG to assess TMS treatment in patients with schizophrenia. European Journal of Translational Myology. 2019. 

7.      Recenti, M., Gìslason, M. K., Edmunds, K. J., & Gargiulo, P. (2019, August). Aging Health Behind an Image: Quantifying Sarcopenia and Associated Risk Factors from Advanced CT Analysis and Machine Learning Technologies. In International Symposium on Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering (pp. 188-197). Springer, Cham.

8.      Edmunds K, Gíslason M, Sigurðsson S, Guðnason V, Harris T, Carraro U, P Gargiulo. (2018) Advanced quantitative methods in correlating sarcopenic muscle degeneration with lower extremity function biometrics and comorbidities. PLoS ONE 13(3): e0193241.

9.      Gargiulo, Paolo, Kyle Joseph Edmunds, Magnús K. Gíslason, Chase Latour, Þröstur Hermannsson, Luca Esposito, Paolo Bifulco et al. "Patient-specific mobility assessment to monitor recovery after total hip arthroplasty." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine (2018): 0954411918797971.

10.   L. Esposito, A. Cutolo, P. Bifulco, M. Cesarelli, P. Gargiulo, M. K. Gislason, H Jónsson jr and M. Fraldi  “TOWARDS A PATIENT-SPECIFIC ESTIMATION OF INTRA-OPERATIVE FEMORAL FRACTURE RISK” Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical  Engineering 22, no. 8 (2018)


11.   In complete SCI patients, long-term functional electrical stimulation of permanent denervated muscles increases epidermis thickness. G Albertin, C Hofer, S Zampieri, M Vogelauer, S Löfler, B Ravara, P Gargiulo. and U Carraro. Neurological research, 1-6, 2018. 2018

12.   Muscle Assessment Using 3D Modeling and Soft Tissue CT Profiling. P Gargiulo, KJ Edmunds, ID Arnadottir, U Carraro, MK Gíslason Rehabilitation Medicine for Elderly Patients, 213-221. 2018

13.   Recovery from muscle weakness by exercise and FES: lessons from Masters, active or sedentary seniors and SCI patients. U Carraro, H Kern, P Gava, C Hofer, S Loefler, P Gargiulo, K Edmunds, ...Aging clinical and experimental research 29 (4), 579-590, 2017

14.   New Directions in 3D Medical Modeling: 3D-Printing Anatomy and Functions in Neurosurgical Planning. P Gargiulo, Í Árnadóttir, M Gíslason, K Edmunds, I Ólafsson. Journal of Healthcare Engineering 2017

15.   Atrophy, ultra-structural disorders, severe atrophy and degeneration of denervated human muscle in SCI and Aging. Implications for their recovery by Functional Electrical Stimulation, updated. H Kern, C Hofer, S Loefler, S Zampieri, P Gargiulo, A Baba, A Marcante, ...Neurological Research, 1-7,2017

16.   Modulation of trophism and fiber type gene expression in denervated muscle activated by different patterns of electrical stimulation. Role of muscle fiber regeneration revisited in 2017. PG Andrea Marcante, Alfonc Baba, Ugo Carraro, Helmut Kern, Stefan Loefler and Paolo Gargiulo. Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (1), 1-9


17.   BIOMECHANICAL ASSESSMENT AND MODELLING OF TOTAL HIP ARTHROPLASTY PATIENTS. M.K. Gislason, A. Menichetti, K. Edmunds, T. Hermannsson, H. Jonsson, L ...and P. Gargiulo. Bone & Joint J 99 (SUPP 1), 3, 2017


19.   Gargiulo P., Edmunds K.J., Arnadottir I.D., Carraro U., Gíslason M.K. (2018) Muscle Assessment Using 3D Modeling and Soft Tissue CT Profiling. In: Masiero S., Carraro U. (eds) Rehabilitation Medicine for Elderly Patients. Practical Issues in Geriatrics. Springer, Cham

20.   Singularity-free finite element model of bone through automated voxel-based reconstruction. L Esposito, P Bifulco, P Gargiulo, M Fraldi. Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering 19 (3), 257-262

21.   Recovery from muscle weakness by exercise and FES: lessons from Masters, active or sedentary seniors and SCI patients. U Carraro, H Kern, P Gava, C Hofer, S Loefler, P Gargiulo, K Edmunds, ...Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 1-12

22.   Coupling multiscale X-ray physics and micromechanics for bone tissue composition and elasticity determination from micro-CT data, by example of femora from OVX and sham rats. P Hasslinger, V Vass, A Dejaco, R Blanchard, G Örlygsson, P Gargiulo, ..International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanincs. 1-47


23.   "Quantitative Computed Tomography and image analysis for advanced muscle assessment."Edmunds, K. J., Gíslason, M. K., Arnadottir, I. D., Marcante, A., Piccione, F., & Gargiulo,  European Journal of Translational Myology 26.2 (2016).




24.   Biology of muscle atrophy and of its recovery by FES in aging and mobility impairments: roots and by-products U Carraro, H Kern, P Gava, C Hofer, S Loefler, P Gargiulo, S Mosole, ...European Journal of Translational Myology 25 (4), 221-230




25.   Bone Mineral Density and Fracture Risk Assessment to Optimize Prosthesis Selection in Total Hip Replacement Þ Pétursson, KJ Edmunds, MK Gíslason, B Magnússon, G Magnúsdóttir, P Gargiulo. Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine




26.   U Carraro, KJ Edmunds, P Gargiulo. 3D false color computed tomography for diagnosis and follow-up of permanent denervated human muscles submitted to home-based Functional Electrical Stimulation. European Journal of Translational Myology 25 (2), 129-140.




27.   KJ Edmunds, P Gargiulo.  Imaging approaches in functional assessment of implantable myogenic biomaterials and engineered muscle tissue. European Journal of Translational Myology 25 (2), 63-76.




28.   L Wiedemann, J Chaberova, K Edmunds, G Einarsdóttir, C Ramon, P Gargiulo. Low-amplitude craniofacial EMG power spectral density and 3D muscle reconstruction from MRI. Eur J TranslMyol-Basic ApplMyol. 25 (2), 93-99. (2015)




29.   Improving planning and post-operative assessment for Total Hip Arthroplasty. B Magnússon, Þ Pétursson, K Edmunds, G Magnúsdóttir, G Halldórsson, P Gargiulo


Eur J TranslMyol-Basic ApplMyol. 25 (2), 101-108 (2015)




30.   L Esposito, P Bifulco, P Gargiulo, M Fraldi. Singularity-free finite element model of bone through automated voxel-based reconstruction. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering,. 1-6 (2015)




31.   H Halldórsson, AJ Arason, M Sigurðardóttir, P Gargiulo, MK Magnússon, ...


Sjaldgæfttilfelliafvöðvabandvefsæxlimeðbólgufrumuíferð í hægrikinnkjálka. Læknablaðið (2015)




32.   Gargiulo, P., P. Belfiore, E. A. Friðgeirsson, S. Vanhatalo, and C. Ramon. "The effect of fontanel on scalp EEG potentials in the neonate." Clinical Neurophysiology (2014).




33.   MK Gislason, A. Procopio, G. Örlygsson, Ó. E. SigurjónssonH. Jonsson Jr., P. Gargiulo


Finite element modelling of the distal radioulnar joint. Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik(2014)




34.   Joseph Lovecchio,  Sandra M. Jónsdóttir-Buch, GuðrúnKristínEinarsdóttir, MagnúsKjartanGíslason,GissurÖrlygsson, ÓlafurEysteinn Sigurjónsson1 and Paolo Gargiulo


Assessment of Perfusion Bioreactors System Using µCT Technology and 3D Modeling Methods. Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik(2014)




35.   Czenek, Agnes; Blanchard, Romane; Dejaco, Alexander; Sigurjónsson, Ólafur; Örlygsson, Gissur; Gargiulo, Paolo; Hellmich, Christian “Quantitative intravoxel analysis of microCT-scanned resorbing ceramic biomaterials - Perspectives for computer-aided biomaterial design” Journal of Materials Research , 29(23), 2757-2772.




36.   Ramon C, Garguilo P,Fridgeirsson EA, Jens Haueisen J. Changes in Scalp Potentials and Spatial Smoothing Effects of Inclusion of Dura Layer in Human Head Models for EEG Simulations. Frontiers in Neuroengineering 7(2014).




37.   MK Gislason, P Ingvarsson, P Gargiulo, S Yngvason, V Guðmundsdóttir, (2014) Finite element modelling of the femur bone of a subject suffering from motor neuron lesion subjected to electrical stimulation. European Journal of Translational Myology 24 (3)




38.   P Gargiulo, T Helgason, C Ramon, H Jónssonjr…(2014). CT and MRI assessment and characterization using segmentation and 3D modeling techniques: applications to muscle, bone and brain. - European Journal of Translational Myology, 2014




39.   Gargiulo P, Björnsson GÁ (2013) Integrated Medical Modeling Service to Optimize Planning for Mandibular Distraction Osteogenesis and Maxillofacial Surgeries: 5 Years’ Experience. Anaplastology 2:121. doi: 10.4172/2161-1173.1000121




40.   Gargiulo, Paolo, Sigrún Björk Sævarsdóttir, Bryndís Baldvinsdóttir, and Ingvar Hákon Ólafsson. "Use of 3 Dimensional Models and Navigation System in Preparation for Brain Surgery." Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik (2013).


41.   Gargiulo, Paolo, Benedikt Helgasson, Benedikt Magnússon, Throstur Pétursson, Gianluca Mario Izzo, Gígja Magnúsdóttir, Grétar Halldórsson, Jan Tribel, and Halldor Jónsson. "Monitoring Bone Density from Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty using Computed Tomography and 3D Modeling Techniques." Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik (2013).




42.   Helgason, T., P. Gargiulo, V. Gudmundsdottir, S. Knutsdottir, S. Yngvason, and P. Invarsson. "Changes in Shape and Density of Denervated Muscles: Case Reports." Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik.




43.   Marcante, A., R. Zanato, M. Ferrero, S. Zampieri, H. Kern, R. Stramare, P. Gargiulo, U. Carraro, and S. Masiero. "Recovery of Tetanic Contractility of Denervated Muscle: A Step Toward a Walking Aid for Foot Drop." Biomedical Engineering/Biomedizinische Technik.




44.   Magnússon, Benedikt, Þröstur Pétursson, Gígja Magnúsdóttir, Grétar Halldórsson, Jan Triebel, and Paolo Gargiulo. "Gait analysis, bone and muscle density assessment for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty." European Journal of Translational Myology 22, no. 4 (2013): 155-160.




45.   Pétursson, Þröstur, Benedikt Magnússon, Benedikt Helgason, Gigja Magnúsdóttir, Grétar Halldórsson, Jan Tribel, and Paolo Gargiulo. "Bone and muscle assessment in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty using HU based analysis." European Journal of Translational Myology 22, no. 3 (2013): 147-152.




46.   Gargiulo, Paolo, Benedikt Magnússon, Benedikt Helgason, Carmelina Befaro, and Þröstur Pétursson. "Bone Mineral Density and Fracture risk assessment for patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty as support for decision making." European International Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 2 No. 5 96-105




47.   Gargiulo Paolo, Throstur Pétursson, Benedikt Magnússon, Paolo Bifulco, Mario Cesarelli, Gianluca Mario Izzo, Gígja Magnúsdóttir et al. "Assessment of Total Hip Arthroplasty by Means of Computed Tomography 3D Models and Fracture Risk Evaluation." Artificial organs (2013).




48.   Friðgeirsson, Egill A., Paolo Gargiulo, Ceon Ramon, and Jens Haueisen. "3D segmented model of head for modelling electrical activity of brain." European Journal Translational Myology-Basic Applied Myology 22, no. 1&2 (2012): 57-60.




49.   Benedikt Magnússon, Halldór Jónsson jr, Þröstur Pétursson, Gígja Magnúsdóttir, Grétar Halldórsson, Jan Triebel, Paolo GargiuloGait Analysis, bone and muscle density in THA patients” Basic and applied myology: BAM 12/2012; 22(3&4):135-140.




50.   Þröstur Pétursson, Paolo Gargiulo, Benedikt Magnússon, Gigja Magnúsdóttir, Grétar Halldórsson, Jan Tribel, Halldór Jónsson jrBone and muscle assessment for total hip arthroplasty” .Basic and applied myology: BAM 12/2012; 22(3&4):129-134.




51.   Paolo Gargiulo, ThordurHelgason, PállIngvarsson, Winfried Mayr, Helmut Kern and Ugo Carraro “Medical Image Analysis and 3-D Modeling to Quantify Changes and Functional Restoration in Denervated Muscle Undergoing Electrical Stimulation Treatment”Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences 2012, 2:10




52.   P. Gargiulo P. J Reynisson, B. Helgason, H. Kern, W. Mayr, P. Ingvarsson, , T. Helgason U. CarraroMuscle, tendons and bone: structural changes during denervation and FES treatment” Volume 33, Number 7, September 2011 , pp. 750-758(9)




53.   P. Gargiulo, T. Helgason P. J Reynisson, B. Helgason, H. Kern, W. Mayr, P. Ingvarsson, U. Carraro “Monitoring of Muscle and Bone Recovery in Spinal Cord Injury Patients Treated With Electrical Stimulation Using Three Dimensional Imaging and Segmentation Techniques: Methodological Assessment” Artificial Organs 2011. 35(3):275–281.


54.   P. Gargiulo, H. Petersen “Whale inner ear morphology: Use of 3D modelling and rapid prototyping technology” Journal of vestibular research-equilibrium & orientation, vol. 20 (3): 170, 2010


55.   H. Kern , R. Stramare, L. Martino, R.  Zanato, P. Gargiulo, U. Carraro “Permanent LMN denervation of human skeletal muscle and recovery by h-b FES: management and monitoring” European Journal Translational Myology - Myology Reviews 20 (3): 91-104, 2010


56.   P. Gargiulo, H. Kern, B. U. Carraro, Vatnsdal , P. Ingvarsson, S. SigrúnKnútsdóttir, V. Gudmundsdóttir , S. Yngvason, T. Helgason  “Quantitative color 3-dimensional computer tomography imaging of human long-term denervated Muscle” Neurological Research. Neurol Res. 2010 Feb;32(1):13-9.


57.   P. Gargiulo, B. Vatnsdal , P. Ingvarsson, S. S. Knútsdóttir, V. Gudmundsdóttir, S. Yngvason, H. Kern, U. Carraro, T. Helgason “Computational methods to analyze tissue composition and structural changes in denervated muscle undergoing therapeutic electrical stimulation” Basic Applied Myology 19 (4): 157-161, 200


58.   P. Gargiulo , B. Vatnsdal,  P. Ingvarsson, S.Knútsdóttir, V. Gudmundsdóttir, S.Yngvason and T. Helgason.. Restoration of Muscle Volume and Shape Induced by Electrical Stimulation of Denervated Degenerated Muscles: Qualitative and Quantitative Measurement of Changes in Rectus Femoris Using Computer Tomography and Image Segmentation. Artificial Organs (2008)  32(8):609–613.


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